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Teen dating violence — also called intimate relationship violence or intimate partner violence among adolescents or adolescent relationship abuse — includes physical, psychological or sexual abuse; harassment; or stalking of any person ages 12 to 18 in the context of a past or present romantic or consensual relationship.
Building off a long history of research in the area of intimate partner violence, NIJ is now looking to relationships during adolescence to understand the factors that put individuals at risk for involvement in abusive romantic relationships as adults.
Research suggests many dating app users try to present an exaggerated or false version of themselves in pursuit of love or sex, while others might just be playing out fantasies with no intention of recreating them in real life.
The problem is that judges and jury members may not have had the same experience of dating apps as those witnesses whose evidence is being presented.
Along with online messages, dating profiles can give juries first-hand insight into the nature of relationships and how the individuals involved present themselves.
As dating apps become a more common form of evidence, we need to ensure the courts appreciate the nuances in how some people live out their digital lives. Given how much personal information people can include in their profiles, dating apps might be some of the most powerful sources of digital evidence.But other categories might try to describe more significant attributes that aren’t always clear cut, such as sexual health status, sexual interests or gender identity. In 2017, there were two high-profile cases in the UK concerning what could be described as sexual “fraud”, involving defendants found to have deceived their partners about their gender and HIV status, respectively.Both cases drew on a detailed selection of digital evidence, taken from dating and social networking app profiles.Cameron Giles does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.Northumbria University, Newcastle provides funding as a member of The Conversation UK.